Tuesday, January 21, 2014

Professional Services

by Brad MacLiver
Authorship and profile at Google

 Free Pharmacy Business ValuationsPharmacyValuations.com provides free pharmacy valuations for pharmacy owners who are considering selling their drug store. When making a decision, pharmacy owners want expert answers to base their decision on.

Pharmacy AcquisitionsThere are a number of factors to be concerned about when selling a pharmacy. There are sink holes to avoid and actions that can be taken, which allow the seller to deposit more in the bank. www.PharmacyValuations.com provides expert guidance and manages the acquisition process.

Pharmacy Buyerswww.PharmacyValuations.com  provide free services that assist pharmacy buyers with the leg work that goes into acquisition searches. This reduces the buyer’s cost of acquisitions and allows more money to be available for acquisitions.

Pharmacy FinancingSellers need to make sure they are dealing with qualified buyers and not tire kickers. Financing is available to make sure that the deal gets done. www.PharmacyValuations.com packages and presents funding requests to a number of lenders who understand the dynamics of the pharmacy industry and who generally offer better terms than local banks. Whether buying a single location or a small chain, or when there are needs to refinance other pharmacy business debt - funding is available from $200,000 to $100 Million.

Independent drug store owners and regional pharmacy chains… when you are considering selling, financing, buying, valuing, or expanding your community pharmacy or regional drug store chain you will find value tips, resources and information at the following:
1. For Tips and Resources about buying, selling, financing, or expanding a pharmacy or drug store business: www.BuyingAndSellingPharmacies.com.

2. By connecting with us at   Facebook   Twitter   LinkedIn  you can discover the latest news and trends affecting the pharmacy industry and whether the equity in your business is increasing or decreasing due to the current market conditions

3. View pharmacy business videos at YouTube 

4. Click now a FREE  Pharmacy Business Valuation

Monday, December 9, 2013

Merry Christmas

Merry Christmas to everyone.

We appreciate the business from our previous clients and we look forward to a new year with many new satisfied customers.

Unfortunately with the new year, there are expectations in the pharmacy industry that more hurdles are a head. If you see reimbursements declining and net profits dropping you will want a quick and reliable pharmacy business valuation. When you contact www.PharmacyValuations.com you will receive a quick response and work with an expert you can count on.

    Watch our Christmas video: http://youtu.be/Lm-6ls-rzrY   

Tuesday, September 25, 2012

Pharmacy Franchise Financing

By Brad MacLiver
Authorship and profile at Google

A pharmacy franchise is a contractual relationship between two parties. One, the Pharmacy Franchisor is the party that developed their drug store business model, branded the pharmacy related products, and produced the system the pharmacy franchisees will operate under. The second party, the Pharmacy Franchisee, purchases a franchise license from the Pharmacy Franchisor, and usually pays an ongoing pharmacy franchise fee, or royalty fees, to use the name, products, systems, trade secrets, etc., created by the Pharmacy Franchisor.

There are a number of options for financing a pharmacy franchise business. All pharmacy franchise funding sources, for drug stores, prefer lending to a pharmacy franchisee who will be working with a nationally recognized name and long track records. Newer pharmacy franchise models won’t possess these two traits and will be considered more risky.

Traditional Bank Financing used in funding a pharmacy franchise is available when a pharmacy franchise has the track record and pharmacy name recognition. Many of the banks will show interest in this type of funding opportunity. Unfortunately once the bank reviews the loan documents, many of these banks decline the funding request because they don’t understand the security provided for the pharmacy loan. Community drug stores typically have very little traditional assets to offer as security. Lenders for pharmacy will use traditional methods for analyzing the cash flow available to service to the debt, and they will also need to understand the nontraditional collateral that will secure the loan.

As a borrower, even when incorporated, the independent drug store owner’s personal credit rating will be a factor, along with personal tax returns, and financial statements. The amount of actual cash on hand and the verification of the source of the down payment will be critical factor in qualifying for a pharmacy business loan.

Pharmacy Franchise Funding Tips:

1. Because there are many pharmacy franchise financing options available, pharmacy owners should perform proper due diligence then obtain the pharmacy funding that best suits their situation.

2. It is advisable to have an accountant or attorney that is familiar with pharmacy franchise financing to review the pharmacy business loan documents.

3. There are pharmacy consulting services and franchise associations who can help guide a prospective pharmacy franchisee or borrower or a drug store loan.

4. New pharmacy owners need to make sure their funding request is enough to get the pharmacy running and profitable. Less than ample funding for the initial stages may put the drug store in a position of needing additional funding. Smaller working capital loans that would be in a subordinated position will be more difficult to obtain at a later date.

When pharmacy owners have questions and need information regarding pharmacy franchise business loans, or any types of funding for community drug stores and pharmacies, they should contact a pharmacy industry specialist who can provide quality answers and sound advice.


Buy-Sell Agreements for Pharmacy Partners

By Brad MacLiver
Authorship and profile at Google

When a pharmacy is owned by two or more people the stockholders/partners should have a
Buy-Sell Agreement. A buy-sell agreement is a written document that provides the procedures and governs the future sale of the pharmacy business.

Pharmacy buy-sell Agreements protect the interest of the parties who own the pharmacy and directs the actions triggered by a stockholder leaving the business due to death, disability, divorce, dissolution, or retirement. The agreement will govern how and when the shares of the pharmacy business can be sold, or transferred. It will also provide guidance as to how the community drug store will be valued along with the obligations of the remaining shareholders of the business.

Buy-sell agreements are important because the different elements of a future sell are predetermined and won’t need to be negotiated during a heated dispute, or during a grieving period. It provides both the stockholder and the family a comfort level that when the inevitable time comes for an exit strategy that the process was thoroughly thought out in advance.

Disadvantages of not having a buy-sell agreement between pharmacy owners is that a disability may leave one partner working more and another not adding to the productivity. In the event of a death, without an agreement, one partner may be left with a nonproductive heir, or a new partner may be inserted that has personality conflicts with the surviving partner. The wrong partner could be devastating for the pharmacy business.

There are various types of buy-sell agreements such as: Entity Buy-Sell Agreement, Cross-Purchase Buy-Sell Agreement, Wait and See Buy-Sell Agreement, Disability Buy-Sell Agreement. Buy-sell agreements are also known as a Business Will or a Buyout Agreement.

Potential elements of a Buy-Sell Agreement:

1. Stockholders names and the number of shares and voting rights of each. 
2. Guidance for the certified pharmacy valuation and purchase of a stockholder’s shares.
3. Mutual covenants and considerations.
4. Restrictions on transferring, purchasing or encumbering the company’s stock.
5. Protocol in the event of a shareholder’s divorce or termination of a shareholders employment.
6. Obligation to buy/sell shares from an estate.
7. Purchase of insurance to ensure ability to meet obligations.
8. Purchase of stock paid in lump sum or by installments.
9. Remedies for breach of the agreement or default of payment.
10. Until transfer is complete the right to inspect books and records.
11. Amendments and notices for offers or legal matters.
15. Enforceability of the agreement, the binding effects, and arbitration procedures for disputes.
16. Process for dissolution, or liquidation, of the corporation.
17. Maintaining the premises during a transition.
18. Preserving representations and warranties.
19. The terms of transfer.
20. Bill of Sale.

To ensure that the money required is available, buy-sell agreements are often funded with a life insurance policy. Should the death of one of pharmacy owners occur, the life insurance settlement will provide the funds for the remaining pharmacy owner to buyout the partners shares from the estate.

Life insurance coverage for each partner needs to be in place, because without a way to accomplish the purchase of the pharmacy shares the buy-sell agreement will not be functional. As the business grows and develops the amount of insurance need to be adjusted to provide an adequate coverage. Without the insurance the surviving stockholder may not have enough cash to satisfy the amount required to buy out the estate - leaving the survivor with an unwanted partner.

To have the adequate insurance coverage and to determine the specifics of the buy-out terms, a certified pharmacy business valuation is needed. There are a large number of companies that provide business valuations. Due to the dynamics and current market conditions of the pharmacy industry a valuation firm should have extensive pharmacy experience. Simple accounting formulas and multipliers will not provide an adequate, or realistic, valuation for a pharmacy business.

Pharmacy buy-sell agreements are extremely important documents that need to be completed with seriousness and care. Even with a long standing partnership, it is only too late to create a buy-sell agreement when an event has already occurred....that would require the document.

Tips for pharmacy partners:

1. Buy-Sell Agreements are critical documents that should not be taken lightly. Consult a licensed professional.

2. Documents must address the proper laws and regulations which vary from state to state. Seek the proper guidance.

3. Premiums for insurance that will fund the buy-sell agreement might be deductible.

4. Ensure that the pharmacy valuation is performed by an established pharmacy industry expert.

Learn more about buying, selling and financing pharmacy transactions at www.BuyingAndSellingPharmacies.com.
Pharmacy owners who would like to know the worth of their pharmacy before making any decisions can receive a free pharmacy valuation at www.PharmacyValuations.com.
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Friday, September 14, 2012

Estate Planning for Pharmacy Owners

By Brad MacLiver
Authorship and profile at Google

With the current market conditions many pharmacy owners are experiencing lower profit margins and have considered selling. A pharmacy industry roll-up has been occurring for a number of years, consolidating the pharmacy seller’s customer traffic into fewer pharmacy locations. However, there are a number of pharmacies that are not in a geographic location with other nearby pharmacies, so consolidation can’t take place. Some pharmacy and drug store owners, despite where they are located or what is happening in the industry, have taken a stance and won’t consider selling. However, just like paying taxes, an exit of the business, is eventually inevitable.

Estate Planning is a topic many people, in all industries, shy away from. For the pharmacy owner who works 6 days a week, takes very few vacations, fills scripts all day, then mops the floor and does the books at night, there usually isn’t much time to consider additional things such as estate planning. However, knowing that there will eventually be a transfer of the business, it is important for the pharmacy owner to consider a proper succession plan for the pharmacy business.

Developing a plan to transfer the business will be time consuming, but done correctly will allow the business to be successfully transferred in an acceptable manner. An estate plan for a pharmacy owner does not need to be changeless process. Fine-tuning, updating, and amendments are recommended as government regulations, economic conditions, and personal expectations change.

Estate planning allows a pharmacy owner to anticipate and arrange for the transfer of the drug store. The plan will be formatted in attempts to eliminate uncertainties, assist the transfer by trimming expenses, and reduce taxes.

The process may involve Trusts, Wills, Living Wills, Power of Attorney, Medical Power of Attorney,Business Valuations, Life Insurance, Charitable Remainder Trusts, Buy-Sell Agreements, and other legal documents. All of the different aspects of the estate planning are to provide the pharmacy owners coordinated directives.

When there are non-family members as partners in the drug store business, it is essential that the estate planning incorporate a Buy-Sell Agreement. A buy-sell agreement, governs the transfer of the business between pharmacy partners. The agreement may also be known as a partner buyout agreement, or a business will. To help protect the family in the event of a partner’s death, the buy-sell agreement may be funded with a life insurance policy.

Estate planning, buy-sell agreements, and the transfer of the pharmacy should incorporate a pharmacy business valuation completed by a third party that has expertise in the pharmacy industry, performs a large number of pharmacy business valuations each year, and has current industry data as a basis for the conclusions. Using simple accounting formulas, multipliers, and valuators inexperienced in pharmacy will not provide an accurate business valuation.

Most pharmacy owners spend a major part of their life building the business. The efforts should not disappear because the pharmacy owner refuses to accept their mortality and plan accordingly. The only pharmacist in some small pharmacies is the owner. If the scripts can’t be filled by a licensed pharmacist then by law the customer files must be transferred to another pharmacy. Due to this, a pharmacy’s business value may drop to a negligible figure in just a few days after the passing of the owner. Contingencies outlined in an estate plan should address this issue. Unfortunately due to not having an effective plan in place, each year a number of pharmacy owners die and their family is left with an asset with very little value.


1. When the family drug store is the sole means of income for several family members it becomes even more crucial to have a succession plan in place.

2. To avoid disputes, estate plans should be developed with clear directives.

3. Minimizing tax liabilities is a major objective for most completing an estate plan, therefore expert tax advice should be sought.

4. Many on-line documents and books are available that provide advice and documents for developing an estate plan. When going the self-help route, it is advisable to have a paid expert review the completed documentation to ensure that it can be legally complied with when the time comes.

5. While developing the estate plan it is essential to talk with children and other family members of the pharmacy owner especially if there are some family that work in the business and others that don’t.



340B Pharmacy Discount Programs

By Brad MacLiver
Authorship and profile at Google

The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services provides a program for discounted prescription drugs to qualified Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC), Disproportionate Share Hospitals (DSH), and other qualified entities. When these facilities don’t have their own pharmacies they are allowed to contract with a local pharmacy. The drug pricing program is often referred to as 340B, named after the section of the law that established the program.

 Section 340B legislation was enacted to provide indigent and uninsured populations access to deeply discounted medications. Since the program was enacted to assist certain populations there are restrictions and regulations in how the program operates and who the medications can be dispensed to.

Pharmacies can be contracted by a FQHC, or similar 340B qualified entity, to manage and dispense the medications. Patients from these entities provide additional traffic in the pharmacies allowing the pharmacies the opportunity for additional front end sales along with the Rx sales.

Pharmacy owners participating in a 340B pharmacy program need to manage their business consistent with customary business practices. In the event of an audit the pharmacy should have dispensing and inventory records, billing statements, etc. Business records should show that drugs purchased by customers, under the 340B Drug Pricing Program, were not diverted to people who are not part of the program.

Along with the additional record keeping a pharmacy owner will need employees who understand the various state and federal rules and regulations, which govern the 340B program. The pharmacy will also need to have a location for the 340B inventory, which is separate from their normal inventory, or have a software management system to track the separate inventories.

A system of separating the inventory is required due to the drug inventory used for the 340B pharmacy program is owned by entity that contracted the pharmacy. Since the 340B inventory is not “owned” by the pharmacy this inventory will be treated differently for tax purposes. The pharmacy generates income from dispensing fees they are paid instead of a mark-up or profit margin on the inventory.

Since customers participating in a 340B program can only purchase the designated medications from a pharmacy contracted with a 340B entity, this allows a pharmacy to have a market niche. A contracted pharmacy servicing 340B customers benefit from additional customer traffic visiting the store.

With the current economic situation and high unemployment, many people have lost their insurance benefits. This will likely expand the need for 340B pharmacy programs and provide additional 340B customers to a participating pharmacy.

However, when a pharmacy owner is weighing the potential benefits of a 340B program, they should also consider other aspects of their business and the current market conditions of the pharmacy industry. What are the pharmacy’s goals over the next couple years? A younger pharmacy owner with long term objectives can benefit for many years from the added customers. However, a pharmacy owner considering selling the business in the next couple years should be aware that acquisition values are based on the customer files, and many buyers are not currently willing to include 340B customer files in their offers. This results in a lower pharmacy business valuation and market price for the pharmacy despite the volume of business. Also, due to the current economic conditions there are some 340B customers who despite the deeply discounted prices, have chosen not to purchase medications. Pharmacy owners need to consider the added costs and time of 340B inventory and customer tracking and reporting, may not be offset by the fees received.

If a pharmacy owner is considering the benefits of participating in a 340B program, or is considering selling the pharmacy in the couple years, it is advisable to discuss the options with the pharmacy industry expert.